Career as Oceanographer

Stream : Life Science & Environment
Sub Stream : Oceanography

Oceanographers study the seas, its coastline, estuaries, coastal waters, shelves and the ocean bed. The study is used for preparation of maps, charts and graphs as well as research and development activities in all branches of ocean science for use in subsequent technology development. Oceanographers conduct surveys for locating nonliving and living resources, for preservation, conservation and protection of the environment and marine resources and for exploration and scientific work. 

• Apply the knowledge of biology, chemistry, physics, geology, geophysics and the application of mathematics, engineering science as well as use computers for their work 
• Collect and study data of ocean waters through waves, currents, and tides; marine life, mineral and oil deposits in the ocean bed, as well as the contours of the ocean bed 
• Prepare maps, charts and graphs based on the compiled data 
• Work on the sea to collect data and record scientific evidence and use a variety of highly technical devices for underwater work. Some of the new technologies being used are satellite sensors and acoustic measurement instruments 
• Carry on laboratory work on captive organisms or models 
• Work as part of a team where there are specialists from different branches of oceanography. Oceanographers work in one of the following areas - biological, chemical, physical and in geological oceanography 

Biological oceanographers 
• Study life under the sea to understand how life develops, interacts, and adapts to its environment. This research is used in fishery sciences and biotechnological pursuits 

Chemical oceanographers 
• Study concentration of chemicals in the water, their distribution and transfer to the seafloor and finally the effects of pollutants 
• Work on projects for treatment of industrial, solid and sewage waste 

Physical oceanographers 
• Study the influence of waves, tides, current, temperature and salinity 
• Collect data from different regions using acoustic techniques and satellite remote sensing 

Geological oceanographers 
• Study the ocean floor and the sedimentations, the movements of the earth's crust, coastal margins, effects of offshore dredging on beaches, location of mineral resources and thereby decide the site for marine structures such as offshore drilling plants 

Marine geologists 
• Are concerned with petroleum and mineral deposits and propagation and maintenance of marine life 
• They study their relationships to environmental conditions 
• Work for long stretches of time on research ships at sea
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 Employment Opportunities for Oceanographer:
• Waste disposal plants
• Renewable energy generation
• Aqua culture and fishery
• Gas and oil extraction
• Maritime trade
• Organizations handling environmental conservation and protection
• Industries working in the packaging, marketing or exports of marine products
• Public sector organizations engaged in exploration work
• Geological Survey of India
• Meteorological Departments
• Seafood, sea based medicines and Eco friendly industries

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Top Recruiting Companies of Oceanographer:
• Geological Survey of India
• Meteorological Department
• National Institute of Oceanography

How to become Oceanographer?
Path 1:
• Std XII
Stream: Science PCM/B
• Graduation
B. Sc Marine Sciences*
• Postgraduation
• Goal

Path 2:
• Std XII
Stream: Science PCM
• Entrance Test
IIT Main> Advanced
• Graduation
Ocean Engineering
• Goal
*Marine biology, marine zoology, marine sciences, marine geology, marine geophysics, physical oceanography, meteorology and oceanography, marine chemistry can pursue oceanography at the post graduate level. 
The study of oceanography is offered at the postgraduate level in subject options related to the various branches of its study

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Median Pay Scale / salary of Oceanographer:

The starting salary after your post graduation can be in the range of Rs 6,500 to Rs 8,000 per month in the government sector and slightly higher in the private sector. With a Ph.D., you can earn about Rs 10,000 to Rs 12,000 per month.

Top Oceanographer Colleges in India:
• Cochin University Of Science And Technology 
• Berhampur University 
• Goa University 
• Karnataka University 
• University Of Madras 

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